BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:dff77fd3-b01e-00b5-0202-123596000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5547470Z BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:b0745c75-801e-0131-3402-1225eb000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5595496Z BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:d19bfcac-301e-00a4-7302-12028d000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5586895Z
BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:e51dc6f2-901e-0107-6f02-1288b9000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5587466Z
BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:9e9b3998-701e-00ec-5d02-123010000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5613224Z

专家:服用奥司他韦要当心副作用

健康 来源:新华网 2019年01月02日 09:16 A-A+ 二维码
扫一扫 手机阅读

原标题:

  新华社合肥12月31日电(记者鲍晓菁)入冬以来流感患者越来越多,世界范围内首款抗流感病毒药奥司他韦成为抢手“神药”。专家称,奥司他韦是治疗流感的首选药物,安全性好,但是其也有不良反应。

  临床研究中,其最常见的副作用是胃肠道反应,如恶心、呕吐、消化不良、腹痛等,发生率为 6%-15%,大多症状较轻,停药后即可消失;少数人可能发生过敏反应,表现为皮疹。此外还有个别病例称,有头晕、头痛、幻觉、行为异常、嗜睡、焦虑等症状,严重者可发展为抑郁甚至自杀。美国FDA曾告知公众称“达菲”(磷酸奥司他韦)可能会在患者,特别是儿童中引起精神错乱和幻觉等严重的副作用,并建议医生和父母们仔细阅读说明书,对服药后的患者也要进行密切观察。

  “出现幻觉是小概率事件。奥司他韦是治疗流感非常有效的药物,但不可滥用,更不能超剂量使用。”中国科技大学第一附属医院药剂科主任沈爱宗说,是否服用奥司他韦一定要经过医生诊断,医生在开出处方后应告知患方注意观察不良反应,特别是儿童和青少年家长应密切关注孩子服药后是否产生异常行为。此外,有人患了普通的细菌性感冒也擅自服用奥司他韦,其实毫无作用。还有人超剂量服用,也是十分危险的。滥用奥司他韦不仅增加了药物不良反应发生的风险,还有可能导致流感病毒耐药。耐药后的流感病毒仍可继续传播,但再用奥司他韦治疗就无效了。

BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:a6712476-b01e-0072-1b02-124957000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5646487Z
BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:96b75953-701e-0124-5902-12e772000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5656833Z 奥司他韦 | 服用
BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:d8ef85c6-a01e-0000-3502-123869000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5644478Z
我要纠错编辑:邹杨 责任编辑:张福伟
BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:e8b00503-b01e-0139-3d02-123e98000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5689075Z
BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:ff055b37-001e-00ac-2202-1219fe000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5707780Z
BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:5f6cf1ba-a01e-010f-1202-1293ca000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5672070Z BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:ea38237d-a01e-004f-3802-12fc71000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5675734Z BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:43497824-401e-0045-1d02-12e5f8000000 Time:2019-05-24T07:28:40.5689976Z
860010-1125010100
1 1 1