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“慢性子”有助长寿

健康 来源:中国妇女报 2018年12月04日 09:27 A-A+ 二维码
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原标题:

  老人“慢性子”更易健康长寿,的确有一定科学依据。那老人在生活中该怎么“慢”呢?

  起得慢。清晨人体血管的应变力最差,骤然活动易引发心血管疾病。建议老年朋友起床前,先在床上闭目养神5分钟,伸伸懒腰,搓搓脚心,用手做个干洗脸,再慢慢起床。

  吃得慢。唾液中含溶菌酶,可杀灭口腔病菌,预防感染。细细咀嚼能促进唾液分泌,提高免疫力。吃东西时,最好咀嚼30秒再咽下。

  排便慢。老人排便如果过于着急或用力,会使直肠黏膜及肛门边缘出现损伤。特别是有动脉硬化、高血压、冠心病的老人,排便太急、屏气用力,易导致血压骤然升高,诱发脑出血。不过,起夜排尿可慢不得。有的老人晚上有尿意,但不愿起夜,时间久了,对前列腺和心脑血管都有损害。

  说话慢。平和、缓慢地说话,对老人身心健康很重要。语速太快,易使老人情绪激动、紧张,促使交感神经兴奋,造成血管收缩,引发或加重高血压、心脏病等疾病。

  “火”得慢。适当发泄不良情绪虽然有利健康,但“火”来得太急对心脑血管有危险。遇到恼火的事儿,先深呼吸,在心里反复想想,再发表意见。

  骑行慢。骑行是不错的锻炼方式。建议老人可在清晨或黄昏,慢悠悠地骑一辆单车看看风景。短距离慢速骑行可锻炼心脏,强化微血管组织,防止高血压,还可增加腿部运动,加速血液循环。骑行过程中,大脑摄入更多氧气,肺部吸入足量新鲜空气,能让老人头脑清醒、心情愉悦。

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BlobNotFoundThe specified blob does not exist. RequestId:97e28a1f-a01e-012d-1324-13fdfc000000 Time:2019-05-25T18:07:21.5914365Z 慢性子 | 排便
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我要纠错编辑:邹杨 责任编辑:张福伟
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