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孩子爱啃指甲 或是焦虑作祟

健康 来源:中国妇女报 2018年09月18日 10:00 A-A+ 二维码
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原标题:

   近日,6岁的小明被妈妈带到我们保健所,我发现,小明双手指甲竟被啃得干干净净。

   其实,孩子咬指甲可分为生理和心理两大原因。生理原因可能是缺铁或缺锌引起的异食症状;而焦虑、抑郁或陌生环境带来的压力等心理因素,也可引起。

   对于某些只是偶尔咬指甲的儿童,家长无需太多关注;而对突然频繁咬指甲的儿童,家长要观察在什么情况下儿童会出现症状,并帮助儿童化解相关压力。

   指甲中携带大量细菌、病毒等病原微生物,孩子在咬指甲时,会把这些病菌甚至寄生虫带入体内;而在一些可能存在重金属污染的环境下,会引起血铅及其他重金属超标。此外,频繁咬指甲,可致手指头变粗、变短,甲床损坏,甚至导致甲沟炎;还可致儿童上颌突出、牙齿排列不齐等。

   对于爱咬指甲的儿童,家长不可采用打骂等方式,而应鼓励孩子多交朋友,家长应多陪孩子参加亲子活动或体育锻炼,消除造成孩子紧张焦虑的因素。同时,家长应定期给孩子修剪指甲,对于幼小儿,可在指甲上涂点柠檬汁、醋等有怪味的食物,也可在秋天、冬天给孩子戴上手套。当孩子出现咬指甲时,可用些需手部参与的活动(如搭积木、画画等)转移其注意力。(湖南省儿童医院儿童保健所教授 钟燕)

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我要纠错编辑:邹杨 责任编辑:张福伟
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