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冠心病患者适合吃这些食物

健康 来源:广州日报 2018年05月02日 09:17 A-A+ 二维码
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原标题:

  冠心病患者的饮食原则包括:在平衡膳食的基础上,控制总能量和总脂肪的摄入;限制饮食中饱和脂肪酸和胆固醇含量;保证充足的膳食纤维和多种维生素;补充适量的矿物质和抗氧化营养素。

  冠心病患者适宜选择的食物有:

  燕麦、玉米和荞麦 燕麦富含亚油酸和可溶性膳食纤维,有助于降低胆固醇;玉米富含亚油酸、卵磷脂和维生素E,具有降血清胆固醇、防止动脉硬化的作用;荞麦中含有丰富的黄酮类物质,可调节心肌功能。

  大豆和花生 大豆及其制品含有皂苷和纤维素,可减少体内胆固醇;花生含有多种氨基酸和不饱和脂肪酸,经常食用可预防动脉硬化。

  甘薯 甘薯含有丰富的糖类、维生素C和胡萝卜素,提供大量胶原物质等,有助于维持人体血管弹性。

  除此之外,洋葱、生姜、大蒜、茄子、胡萝卜、芹菜、韭菜、菌藻类、山楂,均是冠心病患者的理想食物。

  (摘自《大河健康报》)

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我要纠错编辑:邹杨 责任编辑:张福伟
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